What is major difference between CBD vs. THC?

The two chemicals are drawing the attention of the general public as the legalization of marijuana and hemp use is under process in different states of the world. It is important to note that these chemicals have different jurisdictions in different states across the globe. The cannabis plant has more concentration of CBD compared to THC while the case of the hemp plant is the opposite.

1. The sources

While both cannabis and hemp plants contain both of these chemicals, the percentages greatly vary making the uses of these plants have different restrictions in different states. Many states have legalized cannabis and THC-containing products for recreation but their use is still restricted by federal law. Farm Bill congress on the other hand legalized the use of CBD-containing products.

2. Chemical structure

Both CBD vs. THC contains similar chemical formulas with 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms. This structure resembles that of natural endocannabinoids which are natural neurotransmitters. The difference between these chemicals is the arrangement of these atoms. Different arrangement causes different effects on the endocannabinoid system receptors.

3. Psychoactive effects

Another key comparison of CBD vs THC is the effects they have on feelings. Scientists claim that the receptors of these chemicals differ and therefore THC causes euphoric effects while CBD does not cause euphoric effects.THC receptors are mostly present in the part of the brain that controls feelings of mood and regulates pain. This is the genesis of all euphoria endured by the consumer.

4. Medical benefits

This is the hot field for researchers to legalize the most useful compound for medical purposes.CBD aids in the management of conditions including arthritis, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis. Suggestions have also been put forward that it manages anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain though they stand no support grounds.THC on the other hand has been identified to manage nerve pain, Parkinson’s disease, nausea, and glaucoma.

5. Side effects

CBD vs. THC side effects differs due to the unique nature of each receptor type.THC is well known for side effects including poor concentration, dizziness, vomiting, drowsiness, loss of balance, and impaired memory.CBD on the other hand is associated with nausea, diarrhea, stomach upset, tiredness, lightheadedness, and hypotension.

 6. Legality

When choosing the products containing the two chemicals, it is essential to consider their legality to avoid a breach of law. Both cannabis and THC-containing products are listed in the controlled substances act which means they are illegal under federal law.CBD on the other hand is legal in the majority of states with the first CBD-containing drug being manufactured.


Being in a position to differentiate the two compounds is a step ahead of identifying the correct requirement of your body. This also allows you to take precautions when using them to avoid uninformed dependence on a given strain of cannabis. This article is enlightening to a vast population by highlighting key differences between the two chemicals.

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